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Serial Communication with Palm OS - Part 3/4

On Ubuntu 18.04 and Java

24.11.2019

After having a Palm-OS-Application which is able to send some data via the serial interface and reading them from a commandline on Ubuntu 18.04, it would be also nice to have a - maybe - better environment to take control of. One way, which I want to describe here, is to read process the data in Java.

For this part, thre components are needed:

For the frist two "components" are a lot of tutorials and how-tos avaialbe like these:

How To Install Java with `apt` on Ubuntu 18.04 (FYI: the "JDK" - Java Development Kit - is needed.) How To Install Eclipse Oxygen IDE On Ubuntu 16.04 | 17.10 | 18.04 (FYI: This site also explaines how to install a JDK.)

For the last "component" are two libraries available:

Of course there are more libaries available, like "java-simple-serial-connector", but in my case "RXTX" worked best with Ubuntu 18.04 and "jSerialComm" worked best with Windows XP.

RXTX installation - Part 1/2 - shared object

Just install the rxtx-package via apt:

sudo apt-get install librxtx-java

This install some .so-files which must be recognized by Java. These files get installed in:

/usr/lib/jni/

Because only the serial interface is used in this case, there is only one file, which is needed:

/usr/lib/jni/librxtxSerial-2.2pre1.so

This is the current version (23.11.2019), maybe it is another version in the future.

This file needs to be copied into the JDK/lib/i386/-folder. In order to get the correct "JDK"-path, just run:

whereis java

and the output should look like this:

java: /usr/bin/java /usr/share/java /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java /usr/share/man/man1/java.1.gz

In this case "/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java" or "/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/" is the correct path. So the correct copy-command looks like this:

sudo cp /usr/lib/jni/librxtxSerial-2.2pre1.so /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/lib/i386/librxtxSerial.so

RXTX installation - Part 2/2 - Java Archive

The "/usr/share/java"-folder should contain the "RXTXcomm-2.2pre2.jar", otherwise search for "RXTXcomm*.jar" to get the correct location:

sudo find / -name "RXTXcomm*.jar"

After knowing the correct location, the RXTXcomm*.jar needs a link in Eclipse:

  1. Click on the project and hit "Alt+Enter" to open the properties for the project
  2. Select "Java Build Path" in the menue.
  3. Select the "Libraries"-Tab.
  4. Select "Modulepath"
  5. Add the RXTXcomm*.jar via the "Add External JARs..."-button.

The Java-Application

Now, everyhting is set up, in order to create the application. There are some examples out there to create a small programm, which let you read from the serial interface. The following example is very simple:

package rxtx;

import gnu.io.CommPort;
import gnu.io.CommPortIdentifier;
import gnu.io.PortInUseException;
import gnu.io.SerialPort;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

public class SerialReader {

	// It's important to set the correct serial port path.
	static final String COMPORT = "/dev/ttyUSB0";
	
	// Also important to set the correct baud rate. Server and Client need the same value.
	static final int BAUD_RATE = 9600;

	/*
	 *  This method opens the serial port and calls the read-method in order to read from the serial interface
	 */
	public void handlePortInterface() throws Exception {
		
		// The portIdentifier controls the access to communications ports, in this case the serial port.
		CommPortIdentifier portIdentifier = CommPortIdentifier.getPortIdentifier(SerialReader.COMPORT);
		
		// Here is checked, if the port is available.
		if (this.checkPort(portIdentifier)) {

			// If the check before was successful, the port gets opened
			CommPort commPort = portIdentifier.open(this.getClass().getName(), 2000);

			// A small check, of the correct kind of port is used
			if (commPort instanceof SerialPort) {
				SerialPort serialPort = (SerialPort) commPort;
				
				// Now, some parameter, like the baud rate is set.
				serialPort.setSerialPortParams(SerialReader.BAUD_RATE, SerialPort.DATABITS_8, SerialPort.STOPBITS_1,
						SerialPort.PARITY_NONE);

				// At this point, the program is read to read from the serial interface.
				this.readFromSerial(serialPort.getInputStream());

				// After the communication has finished, the port can be closed.
				serialPort.close();

			} else {
				throw new Exception("No serial port!");
			}

		}

	}

	/**
	 * This method checks, if the serial port is available and not used by another application.
	 * 
	 * @param portIdentifier
	 * @return
	 * @throws PortInUseException
	 */
	private boolean checkPort(CommPortIdentifier portIdentifier) throws PortInUseException {

		if (portIdentifier.isCurrentlyOwned()) {
			throw new PortInUseException();
		}

		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * This function reads from from a InputStream and print the related strings on the console.
	 * 
	 * @param in
	 */
	private void readFromSerial(InputStream in) {
		byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
		int len = -1;
		try {
			while ((len = in.read(buffer)) > -1) {
				System.out.print(new String(buffer, 0, len));
			}
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * The "starting point" of this small program
	 * 
	 * @param args
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		try {
			SerialReader sr = new SerialReader();
			sr.handlePortInterface();

		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}

The source-code is based on this example.

After the programm gets executed and some data was sent from the related Palm OS Application, which was created here, it should look like this:

The last part (4/4) describes, how the data from the application can be read with Java on Windows XP:
Serial Communication with Palm OS on Windows XP and Java


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